What operating system for web hosting is better?



The operating system is the core of a computer. It enables the operation of software and hardware and ensures an effective interaction between the two components. While only a few different systems are available in the field of personal computers (PCs), the selection for server systems is much more extensive. This article shows the advantages and disadvantages of the most frequently used server operating systems: Windows, Unix and Linux.

Windows as hosting platform

Microsoft Windows is particularly popular in the web hosting sector because it offers a variety of features and a very user-friendly interface. In contrast to older systems, almost every important task can now be executed by means of simple "point-and-click" control, rather than having to type in complicated DOS commands. Windows is usually preferred as hosting platform when ASP (Active Server Pages) technology, MS SQL databases or .NET framework are required.

Advantages: The administration of a Windows server is much easier than with other operating systems. The platform is also supported by nearly all software providers, as it is the leading system in the PC sector in particular.

Disadvantages: The versions of the Windows server operating system are very expensive. Licenses are often available for several hundred dollars. These costs are usually paid for the price of webhosting. While current versions of Windows benefit from the many years of improvements to the system, older versions are still very vulnerable to security flaws and threats.

Unix as a hosting platform

Unix is known by many as the basis of all operating systems. The system has been used for several decades as a webhosting platform in the server area. Since it is particularly known for its stability and reliability, it is used mainly in large and particularly complex computer systems. The software usually comes with special server hardware from well-known manufacturers such as IBM, HP or Sun Microsystems. These servers are very powerful. As an alternative for smaller vendors, FreeBSD, a free, similar platform can be used, which also runs on cheaper hardware.

Advantages: The Unix platform offers a unique stability and reliability. It is the basis of a basic server, which usually runs without problems for years and does not have to be restarted. Unix has also been designed with enhanced security features and is therefore less vulnerable to security flaws and threats.

Disadvantages: The system is much more complex and requires a significantly higher administration effort than in the case of a Windows server.

Linux as hosting platform

The Linux operating system has become the leading force in the field of web hosting platforms. Although it has many similar characteristics to Unix, the operation is much more cost-efficient because it is published as open-source software. Linux is available in many different distributions. It is also compatible with a variety of other major open source technologies such as PHP scripts or MySQL databases.

Advantages: Like a Unix platform, a Linux server provides excellent stability and performance for large and small server environments. Although it is not basically free, the operation of Linux is always cheaper than comparable solutions with Windows or Unix. Because of the great popularity of Linux, it also has a huge community of users and software developers who support the platform.

Disadvantages: Like Unix, Linux requires special knowledge for the administration of the system. All commands must be entered manually via the command line.

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